澳门皇家赌场 > 外语留学 > 四六级阅读常考题型:细节澳门皇家赌场 推断

原标题:四六级阅读常考题型:细节澳门皇家赌场 推断

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澳门皇家赌场 1做阅读一定要谨慎

  一篇考研的真题,从做题到文章的全面分析和展示。看起来是有点痛苦的,而且还要反复直至熟练,少不了痛心疾首捶胸顿足的时候。但如此死磕五篇,当小有所成;死磕十篇,应上了台阶;死磕二十,必手到擒来。

  同学们,大家在做英语四级六级阅读的过程中,是否有意识地去留心文章中的常考点呢?现在,新浪教育[微博]给大家介绍四六级阅读中常考的几大题型。

  A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world's best, its workers the most skilled. America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed. 

  四六级阅读常考题型之一 —— 细节题

  It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer. Just as inevitably, the retreat from predominance proved painful. By the mid-1980s Americans had found themselves at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition. By 1987 there was only one American television maker left, Zenith。(Now there is none: Zenith was bought by South Korea's LG Electronics in July。) Foreign-made cars and textiles were sweeping into the domestic market. America's machine-tool industry was on the ropes. For a while it looked as though the making of semiconductors, which America had which sat at the heart of the new computer age, was going to be the next casualty。

  (1)细节题表现形式

  All of this caused a crisis of confidence. Americans stopped taking prosperity for granted. They began to believe that their way of doing business was failing, and that their incomes would therefore shortly begin to fall as well. The mid-1980s brought one inquiry after another into the causes of America's industrial decline. Their sometimes sensational findings were filled with warnings about the growing competition from overseas。

  这类题特点是题干的信息比较具体,考查文章中的重要细节。

  How things have changed! In 1995 the United States can look back on five years of solid growth while Japan has been struggling. Few Americans attribute this solely to such obvious causes as a dued dollar or the turning of the business cycle. Self-doubt has yielded to blind pride." American industry has changed its structure, has gone on a diet, has learnt to be more quick-witted," according to Richard Cavanagh, executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government." It makes me proud to be an American just to see how our businesses are improving their productivity, says Stephen Moore of the Cato Institute, a think-tank in Washington, DC. And William Sahlman of the Harvard Business School believes that people will look back on this period as" a golden age of business management in the United States."

  例:What is the chief concern of native high-skilled, better-educated employees about the inflow of immigrants? (2011.6., cet6)

  51.The U.S. achieved its predominance after World War Ⅱbecause_____ 。

  而原文出处如下:Among high-skilled, better-educated employees, however, opposition was strongest in states with both high numbers of immigrants and relatively generous social services. What worried them most, in other words, was the fiscal (财政的)burden of immigration。

  [A]it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal

  可以看到:题干中的high-skilled, better-educated employees的信息非常具体,和原文一致。

  [B]its domestic market was eight times larger than before

  (2)细节题解题方法

  [C]the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors

  A. 建议同学先看题干,后看文章。

  [D]the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy

  B. 带着题干中的具体细节信息,在文中相应段落或句子,仔细研读。

  52.The loss of U.S. predominance in the world economy in the 1980s is manifested in the[A]TV industry had withdrawn to its domestic market

  C. 答案一定来自原文并要做一定的理解后,进行归纳或推理。

  [B]semiconductor industry had been taken over by foreign enterprises

  D. 切勿加入过多主观判断。

  [C]machine-tool industry had collapsed after suicidal actions

  (3)真题示例:Throughout this long, tense election, everyone has focused on the presidential candidates and how they’ll change America. Rightly so. But selfishly, I’m more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do, not just for this country, but for me as an African-American woman. As the potential First Lady, she would have the world’s attention. And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see。

  [D]auto industry had lost part of its domestic market

  57. Why does Michelle Obama hold a strong fascination for the author?

  53.What can be inferred from the passage?

  A. She serves as a role model for African women。

  [A]It is human nature to shift between self-doubt and blind pried。

  B. She possesses many admirable qualities becoming a First Lady。

  [B]Intense competition may contribute to economic progress。

  C. She will present to the world a new image of African-American women。

  [C]The revival of the economy depends on international cooperation。

  D. She will pay closer attention to the interests of African-American women。

  [D]A long history of success may pave the way for further development。

  【答案】C

  54.The author seems to believe the revival of the U.S. economy in the 1990s can be attributed to the____ 。

  【解析】细节归纳。由第2句可知,作者尤其对Michelle Obama能为身为非裔美国妇女的自己做什么而感兴趣(but for me as an African-American woman),而接下来的两句解释了作者之所以这么感兴趣的原因:Michelle Obama将会让人们第一次有机会靠近和接触他们极少见到的非裔美国女性,也就是她将向世界展现出非裔美国妇女的一种新形象,故答案为C。

  [A]turning of the business cycle

  【误区排除】

  [B]restructuring of industry

  A. 她成为非裔美国妇女的偶像 —— 文中说的是她将代表她们向世界展现新形象,而不是成为她们的榜样;所以这里千万不要加入主观意识。

  [C]improved business management

  B. 她身上有许多成为第一夫人的优秀品质 —— 文中未提及

  [D]success in education

  C. 她将向世界展现出非裔美国妇女的一种新形象。

  解题第一步:读题干

  D. 她会密切关注非裔美国妇女的利益 —— 文中未提及

  51.The U.S. achieved its predominance after World War Ⅱbecause_____ 。

  四六级阅读常考题型之二 —— 推断题

  题型:问事情原因,细节题,需定位句子

  (1)推断题表现形式及应对方法

  给定信息:美国achieved its predominance after World War II

  第一种:题干信息明示型。

  定位信息:World War II, because

  一般这类推断题题干中会包含:suggest,imply,indicate,conclude,infer,learn from等。

  52.The loss of U.S. predominance in the world economy in the 1980s is manifested in the fact that the American_____ 。

  出题形式:

  题型信息:问支撑观点的事实,例证题,当从观点后面找事实

  We can infer / assume that…

  给定信息:1980s美国predominance的失去,表现于相关的事实

  It can be concluded from the passage that…

  定位信息:1980s

  The author of the passage would most likely imply…

  53.What can be inferred from the passage?

  The passage suggests that…

  题型信息:题干无具体信息,直接就文章提问,为判断题,当先搁置,最后直接看选项来做。

  It can be learned that…

  给定信息:无

  应对方法:先看题干和选项,再回相应的原文,先理解后推理。

  定位信息:无

  第二种:题干信息不明示型

  54.The author seems to believe the revival of the U.S. economy in the 1990s can be attributed to the____ 。

  应对方法:

  题型信息:问原因,细节题,需定位

  1. 一定要再原文中找到依据,根据主题推理。

  给定信息:1990s美国经济复苏,作者对其原因有自己的看法

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